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Separating Mixtures: Using distillation to concentrate ethanol | Virtual Lab

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Higher Education
High School
 
Separating Mixtures: Using distillation to concentrate ethanol
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About This Simulation

Rescue a town from a fuel crisis by using your knowledge about matter and phase changes principles and performing ethanol distillation.

Learning Objectives

  • Read a phase diagram and explain each region
  • Interpret a heating curve of a given substance
  • Explain the difference between a heating curve and a phase diagram
  • Understand the basic steps of performing a distillation
  • Distinguish between physical and chemical properties of matter and classify changes of matter as physical or chemical

About This Simulation

Level:
Higher Education
High School
Length:
16
Min
Accessibility Mode:
Available
Languages:
English
Spanish

Lab Techniques

  • Distillation
No lab techniques are listed for this simulation.

Related Standards

University:
  • Early Stage Bachelors Level
  • EHEA First Cycle
  • EHEA Short Cycle
  • FHEQ 5
  • FHEQ 6
  • FHEQ 4
  • US College Year 2
  • US College Year 1
  • Support for laboratory skills at all levels
NGSS:
  • HS-PS1-3
  • HS-PS1-4
  • HS-PS1-8
  • HS-PS1-5
  • PS1.A-E2
AP:
  • Chemistry 3.1. Intermolecular Forces
  • Chemistry 3.3 Solids, Liquids, and Gases
  • Chemistry 4.4 Physical and Chemical Changes
  • Chemistry 6.5 Energy of Phase Changes
LB:
  • Chemistry 4.4 Intermolecular forces
No lab techniques are listed for this simulation.

Learn More About This Simulation

This short, targeted simulation is adapted from the full-length “Matter and Phase Changes: Distil ethanol” simulation.

Get ready to encounter how great the distillation technique is!  In this simulation, you will help a town concentrate ethanol in order to support them during their fuel shortage crisis. Are you ready to learn how to separate a homogeneous mixture of liquids?

Explore the difference between physical and chemical change

In the Separating Mixtures simulation, you will meet Jo who has a limited fuel supply and therefore wants to produce bioethanol. In order to help her, you must first know the difference between the physical and chemical change of a substance in order to find the right technique.  

Generate heating curves

Once you’ve mastered the basics, you are ready to learn about additional aspects of phase changes and be introduced to heat curves. You will learn how to interpret heating curves to identify important information of the boiling point of ethanol and water at atmospheric pressure. By doing so, you will be able to decode the meaning of each line of the heating curves and understand how this information is useful to your experiment. You will also be introduced to phase diagrams and understand how other physical properties can be predicted through this data.

Perform distillation

Once you have understood why distillation is the right technique, the next step is to perform it. At the end of the simulation, you will put your newly acquired knowledge to the test! You are going to use the distillation technique to achieve ethanol with higher purity. Will you be able to produce high purity ethanol and report your findings to Jo?

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