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In this lab, you will learn the basics about Type II diabetes.

About This Simulation

Sugar, also called glucose, is an important energy source for the human body. In order to use that energy, the body needs the hormone insulin. In diabetes mellitus, commonly referred to as diabetes, not enough insulin is produced or it doesn't function properly. This results in a high level of glucose, which stays in the blood and cannot be used as energy. Two types of diabetes can be distinguished: type 1 and type 2 diabetes. While type 1 diabetes is characterised by an early onset in children, type 2 diabetes typically develops in adults.

In more detail, it can be caused by low levels of insulin production by the beta cells of the pancreas, or by reduced sensitivity of tissue cells to insulin. Both causes prevent glucose from being absorbed by cells, causing high blood sugar, also called hyperglycemia.

High blood glucose levels make it difficult for the kidneys to recover all the glucose from nascent urine, resulting in glucose being lost in urine. High glucose levels also result in less water being reabsorbed by the kidneys, causing high amounts of urine to be produced; this may result in dehydration.

Over time, high blood glucose levels can cause nerve damage to the eyes and peripheral body tissues, as well as damage to the kidneys and cardiovascular system.

In this lab, you will learn the basics about type II diabetes. You will be trained on how to measure your own blood sugar levels and how to give yourself an insulin shot. You will also learn how to put together a healthy meal plan and how to easily manage your blood sugar levels.



Suzanne Mitchell, MD, Assistant Professor

Family Medicine

Boston University School of Medicine

Learning Objectives

  • Learning about Type II diabetes
  • Understanding how Type II diabetes is diagnosed
  • Understanding the risk factors for Type II diabetes
  • Introduction to the function of insulin in the body
  • Understanding how untreated diabetes affects organ function
  • Learning how to regulate Type II diabetes
  • Learning how and when to measure blood sugar levels using a glucose meter
  • Learning about the effect of insulin and diabetes medication
  • Preparing a syringe with insulin and learning how to inject insulin
  • Learning how a healthy diet and regular exercise helps to regulate Type II diabetes


  • Blood glucose measurement
  • Insulin injection


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