Electrophilic Addition: Explore reactions of hydrocarbons

Electrophilic Addition
Time to complete course: 30 min.

About the Electrophilic Addition Virtual Lab Simulation

Buckle up for a chemistry journey a billion kilometers away! In the Electrophilic Addition simulation, you will identify some natural hydrocarbon resources on Saturn’s moon, Titan, and explore their most significant reactions. Hydrocarbons may be the simplest organic molecules – but they provide great building blocks for chemical synthesis!

Investigate hydrocarbons on Titan

Join Dr. Smith in the Titan lab to begin identifying hydrocarbons that could be used to synthesize more complex substances and materials. Discover which hydrocarbons and reactions are the most synthetically useful for our colonization mission. We’ll delve deeper into understanding the electrophilic addition reaction and its wide-ranging applications.

Perform and visualize addition reactions

Be immersed at a molecular level in our 3D reaction visualizer. There you’ll engage interactively with the reaction components and carry out the electrophilic addition reaction mechanism in 3D. Get better acquainted with reaction principles and selectivity and see the reaction happen before your very eyes!   

In our lab, you’ll perform the bromine test for hydrocarbon unsaturation on Titan samples before carrying out investigative electrophilic addition reactions in the fume hood. Find the equipment you need to perform electrophilic addition reactions on two alkene isomers simultaneously and use your knowledge to predict the products. With replenishing pipettes and the option to reset – there are opportunities to repeat experimental steps quickly in our virtual lab!

Explore selectivity – and the colony

At the end, you will analyze the results of your electrophilic addition experiments and investigate possible products in our 3D molecular visualizer. Will you be able to identify and synthesize hydrocarbon materials that we can use to build a colony?

Get Started Now

Travel to Titan on a reactivity reconnaissance mission and explore this hydrocarbon world. Can you use your knowledge of the electrophilic addition reaction to identify hydrocarbons that you could use to build an extra-terrestrial colony on Titan?

Techniques In Lab

  • Bromine Test
  • GC data analysis
  • Gas-liquid reaction

Learning Objectives

At the end of this simulation, you will be able to…

  • Describe the reactions of simple alkanes, alkenes and alkynes
  • Describe the reaction of simple alkenes with electrophiles
  • Demonstrate a detailed mechanistic understanding of addition reactions
  • Predict which way an electrophile will add to an alkene using Markovnikov’s Rule and an understanding of carbocation stability
  • Predict the major product of the main different types of addition reactions

Screenshots of Electrophilic Addition Virtual Lab Simulation


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