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Urinalysis: Analyze urine to suggest a diagnosis Virtual Lab

Perform the three stages of urinalysis on a variety of urine samples collected from patients. Apply your knowledge of urine's macroscopic, chemical, and microscopic properties to interpret the urinalysis results and suggest a plausible diagnosis.

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Urinalysis: Analyze urine to suggest a diagnosis

About this Simulation

What's wrong with my urine? In this simulation, you will perform urinalysis - a simple, non-invasive technique where a patient's urine is analyzed to determine possible health conditions they may have. Urinalysis has three stages: macroscopic, chemical, and microscopic analysis. Perform all three stages and interpret your results to suggest possible causes for your patients concerning urine. Can you suggest a diagnosis for your patient's urine?

Perform the dipstick test

Your mission is to analyze three urine samples with concerning properties. First, you will learn how the color and smell of urine are related to a patient's health, hydration, and the food they consume. Gain a deeper understanding of what is going on in these urine samples by performing the dipstick test. Compare the colors on the reference chart to your dipstick to determine the levels of different substances in the urine.

Analyze a urine sample under the microscope

Confirm the results of the dipstick test with microscopic analysis. Investigate cells and microorganisms in the urine samples to discover if there is a normal or abnormal number of them. Interpret what abnormal numbers of white blood cells and bacteria could mean. Once you have completed all three urinalysis stages, you are ready to suggest possible causes for your three patients concerning urine.

Suggest a possible diagnosis

Meet Aaron, one of the patients who gave you a urine sample. Explain what you discovered about Aaron's bright red urine, reassure them, and test your knowledge of urinalysis. Can you provide Aaron with a reasonable diagnosis?

Learning Objectives

At the end of this simulation, you will be able to:

  • Understand how to examine urine by applying macroscopic, chemical, and microscopic tests.

  • Recognize reference values for a normal urinalysis.

  • Interpret the meaning of abnormal urinalysis findings that indicate a possible medical problem, and suggest a reasonable diagnosis.

Techniques in Lab

At the end of this simulation, you will be able to:

  • Urinalysis

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